budhanilkantha11

Shhh… Vishnu Is Asleep

Indian Mythology 21 Comments

Published in Speaking Tree, August 2010

When the rains fall, when the walls go damp and the food is covered with fungus, know that Vishnu, the guardian of the world, has gone to sleep. He slumbers for four months, the Chatur-maas, while the earth is submerged with flood waters. It is the annual Pralaya, after which the world renews itself.

This annual submergence takes place in the dark half of the year. The ancient Rishis divided the year into two parts: the first, from January to June, when the rising sun edges towards the Pole Star and the second, from July to December, when the sun retreats southwards. The northward journey is marked by entry into the House of Capricorn, or Makara, the dolphin, symbolizing love and life; is it the time of spring and summer when days get warmer and brighter. The southward journey marks the entrance of the sun into the House of Cancer or Karka, the crab, that gnaws into the light, makes the days shorter and colder. It is in this dark inauspicious second half that rain clouds cover the sky and Vishnu goes to sleep. The world is left in the care of the Goddess and Vishnu’s avatars.

The Rishis declared that the warmer half of the year belongs to the Adityas, the resplendent sky-gods, that the English translators of Hindu mythology called ‘gods’. The colder half of the year belongs to the Daityas, the dark subterranean-gods that the English translators of Hindu mythology identified as ‘demons’. And so, in the sky, we find the great churning of the celestial sphere with the Adityas powerful for one half the year, and the Daityas powerful in the other half. From this churning is born the year with its many seasons.

When Vishnu sleeps, the guru of the Daityas, Shukra, pounds the magical Sanjivani, in the subterranean region. This is what brings back the earth’s fertility, they say; the seeds germinate, crops rise up from under the earth. Everything is green. The moon is dominated by Kama, god of lust. Husbands and wives trapped at home all day enjoy intimate embraces. It is said this is the period when the Kamasutra was written.

Vishnu sleeps from the 11th day of the waxing moon of Ashadh to the 11th day of the waxing moon of Kartik. It is the time when all agricultural activities cease. Traveling is forbidden. Rishis, who were otherwise not allowed to stay under the same roof for more than a day, stayed put in one location for four months.

These four months are marked with prayers and festivals, perhaps because there was nothing else to do, and perhaps in the hope that the rains are adequate, not too less or too much. The first of these is on the full moon of Ashadh, when the guru is remembered. A fortnight after this comes the month of Shravan when people fast. All kinds of indulgences like alcohol and non vegetarian food and spices are curtailed.

In the bright half of Shravan, on the fifth day of the waxing moon, snakes or Nags are worshipped. In the dark half of Shravan, on the eighth day of the waning moon, the birth of Krishna is celebrated. In between is the full moon day when sisters tie threads on the wrists of brothers, seeking protection. On this day coconuts are hurled into the sea by fisher folk as the rains abate and soon the sea will allow them to fish once more.

In the month that follows, Bhadrapad, Ganesha comes into our lives with his mother, Gauri, who wears a green sari, reflecting the greenery covering the earth at this time. His image and that of his mother is made of clay. After being worshipped for ten days, this image is immersed in water, a reminder of the cyclical nature of all things. After Ganesha’s departure, the ancestors rise up and are worshipped by the living. The ritual of Shraadh is performed to reiterate to the Pitrs that the living are producing children to ensure their rebirth.

By this time, the crops have reached final form. It is time for harvest. The Daityas who have risen from the subterranean regions are to be killed, a violent act that generates food for man. Thus in the final month of Chatur-maas there are festivals celebrating the death of many demons: Durga kills Mahisha following nine nights of battle and Ram kills Ravana at the same time resulting in the Dussera festivals. In the full moon that follows, the Sharad Poornima or Kojagiri, the Goddess emerges in her gentle form and dances with Krishna as Radha. War resumes in the following fortnight with Krishna killing Naraka and Vaman crushing Bali in the days that mark the festival of Diwali. And since the killing of Daityas brings prosperity, the Goddess is worshipped as Lakshmi. She is also worshipped as Kali, a reminder that wealth generation involves violence and must not be taken lightly.

Shortly after Lakshmi’s arrival, Vishnu wakes up and on the 11th day of the month of Kartik, marries her, she taking the form of the Tulsi plant and he talking the form of sugarcane or the Shalagram stone. This marks the end of the slumber of Vishnu and the start of the marriage season.

  • rajesh gawade

    great great great….thank you for such delightful decoding

  • pankaj

    nice article

    • Renu

      U gave us a lot of knowledgeable information about r culture that v didn’t think of.

  • u must be God sent with a purpose to inform and uncover all burried secrets

    may u remain untouched from greed to surge ahead in ur pursuit

    thanks dev

    sunjjoy

  • beautiful narration that en capsules our tradition/culture/un-understood religious life

  • Raghav

    Hi Devji,
    Totally agree with Sunjjoy above-you must have been God’s special creation sent especially to inform our generation, who have all but given up ‘our’ mythology,and wake us from our slumber.Thank you for being a great Guru and hope we will be good students!
    Thank you for all the information and may God bless you with all the resources and happiness! :-)

  • Praveen

    Dev..
    i am fascinated by your articles ..let me tell you I almost was on a path of becomming an athiest ..but your articles convey that there is god..

    Fabolus work..you have an exceptional talent & knowledge of history ,spirituality,may your articles reach most of the ignorant people.

    great job!!!!

    • Neeraj Singh

      Wonderful article sir Jee. Great insight into our own culture, traditions and mythology.

  • Sanket

    The tenth Zodiac sign ‘Makara’ stands for “Crocodile having a deer face” and not Dolphin (pieces) . Both(animal & reptile in combined form) of this has affinity with Sun (our soul) so that one can make northward journey towards pole star

    1. a deer is always in search of kasturi which is hidden in his navel ( sign leo represented by sun)

    2.crocodile’s spinal cord has heat absorbing cell which absorbs heat direcly from the sun to maintain their metabolism ( sign leo represented by sun )

    thank you for bringing this vast knowledge of truth in this kaliyuga ( yuga of ignorance)

    hoping for more such esoteric knowledge

  • Wooooooooowwwwwwwwwwwwwwww
    What a amazing thing I was unaware about.

  • Its amazing how you uncover logic in myths…stories fascinate us, but now they also make sense..

  • Dude

    Great as always, Sirji.
    It will be very educational for all the readers if you decode Rashi and it’s symbol in your style.

  • Bhupesh Rakhra

    Too good. Keep it up . These articles should be part of the school syllabus. These could be included as short stories. Some comics could be interesting too.

  • Nikhil Gokhale

    Absolutely loved it! Thank You!

  • Raghav

    Hi Devji,
    Please could you clarify this doubt of mine..is meditation and introspection the same ?Thanks! :-)

  • Sunil

    Unparalleled, Great!

  • Fantabulous thing you are doing, Devdutt. Creating awareness with your simple narration. From darkness onto light. Hats off.

  • shweta prabha

    Sir,
    all this knowledge is nothing new and by the way you have missed the birth of the Lord Rama which is celebrated as Ramanavmi and the purpose of the article is not fulfilled until you explain why does Vishnu go to sleep in the first place and why does the Killing of Mahishasur and Ravana by Maa Durga and Lord Ram respectively coincide.

    pls complete the article with all this info.

  • Rajeswari

    This was an awesome article. Want to share something which I heard: 1 year for humans = 1 day for God. Hence the month from Dec 15 – Jan 15 is the early morning time for the God. So I guess the Chatur maas which you mentioned is the night for God hence sleeping time.

  • Aasheesh Khanna

    simply superb piece of work sir..thanx for the meanings behind the way of life we lead..

  • Balaji Kosbatwar

    Very nice…. Superb